Neuro-Physiological Training for Children with Motor Difficulties – Peer-reviewed Article published in Fysioterapeuten 2013 by Anne Berg & Lene Solli Fitzgerald

Aim of the study:

To evaluate the effect of INPP’s training method on children’s motor skills.


Children with motor difficulties who had completed INPP’s training method.

  • 21 girls and 66 boys (n = 87) participated, and average age at pretest was 9

Data was collected from 2004 to 2010. It was carried out at a criteria based selection, where the selection criteria were:

  •  Tested positive for primitive reflexes
  •  5 years and older (<16 years)
  •  No developmental disorder, disability or pathology
  • Carried out INPP’s training method (completed post-test)

Procedures and Measures:

  • Individual assessment at Motorikksenteret in Trondheim.
    • Anne Berg
    • Average training period was 9.6 months, with reviews every 7-8 weeks
    • Diagnostic Assessment (DA) was used to assess the children’s  reflex status


  • Movement ABC was used to assess the children’s motor skills

F Fine motor skills, ball skills, static and dynamic balance


  • The results showed a significant improvement of the reflex status. Upon completion of training, the reflex status had improved significantly (t= 17,99, df = 86, p < 0,001)
  • After training aimed at inhibiting primitive reflexes, their motor skills were also significantly improved (t = 15,09, df = 86, p < 0,001)


  • This study indicates that primitive reflexes can be inhibited using the INPP method and this can create improvement in motor skills.
  • Because of weak validity of the study, the results have to be interpreted carefully.
Published: 13th January 2014
Category: Sally Goddard Blythe